Learning Resource Centre:

Procedural Videos

Learn surgery from some of the world's top ophthalmologists!

Oculoplastics

Ptosis repair:(link)

  • superior visual field loss, cosmetic improvement

Blepharoplasty:(link)

  • excess eyelid skin (dermatochalasis) causing superior visual field defect; cosmetic improvement

Entropion repair: (link)

  • eyelids turning inwards can worsen dry eye, cause discomfort, or cause scarring of cornea

Ectropion repair: (link)

  • eyelids turning outwards can worsen dry eye and cause discomfort

Canthopexy: (link)

  • too much ocular surface exposure (can cause dry eye), cosmetic improvement

Canthotomy: (link)

  • orbital compartment syndrome (e.g. retrobulbar hematoma)

Tarsorrhaphy: (link)

  • too much ocular surface exposure (can cause dry eye), persistent epithelial defect of the eye

Evisceration: (link)

  • severe infection or pain in eye with loss of vision

Enucleation: (link)

  • tumors contained within the eye, trauma

Exenteration: (link)

  • tumors spreading outside of the eye, trauma

Nasolacrimal Duct Probing: (link)

  • Nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) leading to overflow tearing

Refractive Surgery

Astigmatic Keratotomy (AK) / Limbal Relaxing Incision (LRI):(link)

  • astigmatism

Laser Assisted in situ Keratomileusis (LASIK):(link)

  • refractive error

Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK): (link)

  • refractive error

Radial Keratotomy (RK): (link)

  • refractive error

Lasers

Panretinal Photocoagulation (PRP):(link)

  • Proliferative diabetic retinopathy

YAG Capsulotomy:(link)

  • Posterior capsular opacification (PCO)

YAG Iridotomy: (link)

  • Narrow angle glaucoma

Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT): (link)

  • High pressure in glaucoma

Cornea

Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty (DALK):(link)

  • corneal scar, keratoconus

Penetrating Keratoplasty (PK):(link)

  • Corneal scar, keratoconus, Fuchs corneal dystrophy

Descemet Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty (DSAEK): (link)

  • Fuchs corneal dystrophy, pseudophakic bullous keratopathy

Descemet Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty (DMEK): (link)

  • Fuchs corneal dystrophy, pseudophakic bullous keratopathy

Keratoprosthesis (KPro): (link)

  • Failed corneal transplants, corneal conjunctivalization

Corneal Inlays: (link)

  • Keratoconus, corneal weakening (ectasia)

Photo Therapeutic Keratectomy (PTK): (link)

  • Superficial corneal opacities / irregularities, some corneal dystrophies

Cross-Linking (CxL): (link)

  • Keratoconus, corneal weakening (ectasia)

Retina

Pars Plana Vitrectomy (PPV):(link, link)

  • The workhorse retinal procedure, used to operate inside the eye (epiretinal membrane, vitreomacular traction, macular hole, vitreous hemorrhage, rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, tractional retinal detachment, endophthalmitis and retained lens fragments)

Epiretinal Membrane (ERM) Peel:(link)

  • remove scar tissue over the macula

Endolaser: (link)

  • Vitreous hemorrhage

Air-fluid Exchange or Silicone Oil: (link)

  • Retinal detachment repair, macular hole repair

Scleral Buckle (SB): (link)

  • Retinal detachment 

Pneumatic Retinopexy: (link)

  • Retinal detachment

Glaucoma

Trabeculectomy (trab):(link)

  • High intraocular pressure not controlled by other measures (drops, laser, etc.)

Baerveldt Valve (tube):(link)

  • High intraocular pressure not controlled by other measures (drops, laser, etc.)

Iridotomy / Iridectomy: (link)

  • Narrow angle glaucoma

Goniotomy: (link)

  • Pediatric glaucoma, when cornea is clear